I have a mysql database running with the following docker-compose.yml:

version: '3.3'
            image: mysql:5.7
            restart: always
                MYSQL_DATABASE: 'demo'
                # So you don't have to use root, but you can if you like
                MYSQL_USER: 'user'
                # You can use whatever password you like
                MYSQL_PASSWORD: 'password'
                # Password for root access
                MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: 'password'
            # <Port exposed> : < MySQL Port running inside container>
                - '3306:3306'
                # Opens port 3306 on the container
                - '3306'
            # Where our data will be persisted
                - my-db:/var/lib/mysql
                - backend

        driver: bridge
# Names our volume

$ docker-compose build

$ docker-compose up

I have a basic golang rest api with the following Dockerfile:

# Start from golang:1.12-alpine base image
FROM golang:1.12-alpine

# Adding git, bash and openssh to the image
RUN apk update && apk upgrade && \
    apk add --no-cache bash git openssh

# Set the Current Working Directory inside the container

# Copy the source from the current directory to the Working Directory inside the container
COPY . .
RUN go get -d github.com/gorilla/mux
RUN go get -d github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql
RUN go get -d github.com/golang-migrate/migrate
RUN go get -d github.com/golang-migrate/migrate/database/mysql
RUN go get -d github.com/golang-migrate/migrate/source/file

# Build the Go app
RUN go build -o main .

# Expose port 8080 to the outside world

# Run the executable
CMD ["./main"]

and the following function is called:

func CreateDatabase() (*sql.DB, error) {
    serverName := "localhost:3306"
    user := "user"
    password := "password"
    dbName := "demo"

    connectionString := fmt.Sprintf("%s:%s@tcp(%s)/%s?charset=utf8mb4&collation=utf8mb4_unicode_ci&parseTime=true&multiStatements=true", user, password, serverName, dbName)
    db, err := sql.Open("mysql", connectionString)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err

    if err := migrateDatabase(db); err != nil {
        return db, err

    return db, nil

$ docker run -p 80:8080 --network=<appname>-mysql_backend <imageid>

$ Database connection failed: %sdial tcp connect: connection refused

I cannot get the api to establish a database connection with the database container?

2 Answers 2


Your golang api should be included in the compose file and added to the same network.

It also looks like when you run the golang api that you are adding it to a network other than backend, which is the network that is created in your compose file.


In addition to connecting app container with same backend network, you will also need to fix MySQL host parameter in connection string.

Looking at main function you have MySQL host set to localhost

serverName := "localhost:3306"

However, MySQL is not listening at lcoalhost of appc container you will need to change it to MySQL service name in compose file, i.e. db

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