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I am trying to understand what is the difference between the two. The Shared repository model: uses ‘topic’ branches, which are reviewed, approved, and merged into the main branch.

Fork and pull model: a repo is forked, changes are made, a pull request is created, the request is reviewed, and if approved, merged into the main branch.

Can someone explain with example?

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The most obvious difference is the permissions model. With forking, you don't have to grant someone access to your repository. In open source communities, this is a huge benefit. Within an organization, this becomes less of an issue.

With a branching model, keep in mind branches are still a part of your repository. Example, someone creates a branch, and pushes a large file to their branch, that can have performance impacts on your repo. If a secret is pushed to a branch, that is exposed in your repository.

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