Questions tagged [linux]

Linux is the generic term for a UNIX-like open source operating system based on the Linux kernel. Use this tag for questions about DevOps practices, processes and tools in Linux environments.

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1answer
13 views

How to run Ansible command to update imunify360 settings

How can I use Ansible to run the following CloudLinux Imunify360 commands properly on CloudLinux 7 (similar to CentOS7)? I tried different ways to "escape" the colons in the commands and it doesn't ...
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21 views

How to get alert for LDAP issues

I want to run some script which checks for LDAP issue, and in case it found something, it sent me alert. I thought using ssh command with some generic user, but I'm not sure what is the response I'm ...
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Bind Docker Volume append-only

Is there any possible way to mount an volume (or file of volume) in docker as append only? chattr +a <filename> seems to be ignored by docker containers (--cap-add LINUX_IMMUTABLE to make it ...
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Running a command as a specific user on an ec2 using ssm

Background I want to automatically configure an EC2 via a build, using the aws cli and ssm. The (manual) setup for the container looks something like this: Create an EC2 Run a shell script as root ...
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How can I modify Jenkins Configuration Global Security from linux server?

In Jenkins UI, I have the below section under http://XXXXXX:YYYY/configureSecurity/ where can I find this definition in Server (Linux RHEL)? I tried to grep for it in jenkins-production folder but ...
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zmprov coomand not working in zimbra mail server

We are running Zimbra Version: 8.8.15_GA_3888.FOSS and running near about 300 email addresses. suddenly all zmprov commands are stopped working and generate below error. zimbra@mail:~$ zmprov gaa ...
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1answer
26 views

how to prevent Ansible from showing output on screen?

I have this in my playbook which execute a command on remote server and enters its log on local server. - name: run script shell: runuser -l testuser -c "/tmp/test.sh" register: myshell_output ...
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1answer
19 views

How to determine which packaged pip to install in order to run the Ansible pip module?

I am struggling to find a reasonable method to detect which of python-pip or python3-pip I should install depending on the contents of the ansible_python fact. This is on Debian and Ubuntu. Looking ...
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1answer
13 views

Where is Puppet's enviroments directory on Amazon Linux2?

I am using Puppet version 3.8.7 on Amazon Linux2, trying to find the directory containing the Puppet environments. I tried to find it with the find command looking for files named "production" or ...
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1answer
26 views

Is there a way to clone an ec2 from inside the ec2 terminal?

I want to be able to back up my linux accadamy lab servers but they don't provide a way to to this. I'm wondering if it's posible to clone my EC2 lab server from inside the EC2 to get round this?
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1answer
39 views

Consul: how to remove dead client nodes quickly

Background: When running Consul client-mode in AWS, EC2s are constantly getting replaced, which results in a lot of dead client nodes when looking at the Consul UI or via consul members. Already ...
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49 views

Linux command from Jenkins using SSH

I want to run Sudo command on the Linux machine from Jenkins. Jenkins is configured on the windows server. I have set up an SSH configuration in Jenkins configuration. From logs, I found that Jenkins ...
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15 views

Prometheus counters decreasing, Systemd spawns ~30 tasks

I'm fairly new to intricacies of Prometheus, so I'm unsure if this behavior is caused by Systemd having many tasks for the unit, or something else. Stack: Ubuntu 18.04 Linux Container Single ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Azure DevOps Artifact.zip folder structure for .NET Core 3.0 application

I have an ASP.NET Core 3.0 application for which I have a full CI/CD setup in Azure DevOps. The Application is hosted on a Ubuntu 18.04 server machine. In the Build Pipeline, the solution is built ...
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1answer
22 views

PowerShell command to automate Azure Linux VM [closed]

I am looking for some PowerShell command which can check if any update/patch need to be applied to existing Azure Linux VM and then apply the patch if required. I will then use this PowerShell ...
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1answer
27 views

Run command from Jenkins to Linux Server

I have a HAProxy server setup in Azure Linux Machine. How can I run a HAProxy start/stop command from Jenkins to multiple Linux server?
2
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1answer
55 views

How to resolve the dependencies while installing locally downloaded packages?

I have simple playbook where trying to install the Debian packages downloaded locally in my server. This playbook runs on localhost and install the Debian packages in the same system. But this ...
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1answer
24 views

Create User Using Ansible with Authenticate Pem File

Community, I am creating a user on the client machine using Ansible but the issue is it creates a user and add authenticate file but getting an error while SSH to that machine using created, User. ...
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2answers
76 views

Ansible resetting swap linux

I am newbie to Ansible, i failed using ansible via command that way : ansible host -a "/sbin/swapoff -a && /sbin/swapon -a" Only this worked ansible host -a "/sbin/swapoff -a ansible host ...
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0answers
14 views

Issue building deb package using Docker/Windows

I am trying to create a way for our developers to be able to build deb packages from their Windows machines. We would like to reuse what we have for *nix so I've written a few batch scripts which are ...
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2answers
13 views

How to analyze the file activities due to process?

I need to analyze the file i/o operations caused due to a process. So I would like to know, which all files are affected by this program. Is there a tool for this particular use case?. One of our ...
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2answers
764 views

Docker compose volume syntax valid for Windows and Linux

We have developers working on an app using both Windows and Linux. The application is built within a Docker container, and ships a docker-compose specification for the build environment. The local ...
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2answers
577 views

using copy module with wildcards

I need to copy a database backup file from a primary server to a standby server. Since I can't use synchronize, I was following this method: copy file to local ansible server from primary, then, copy ...
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2answers
49 views

reboot server during Ansible tasks

I have 3 scripts that must be run on server one by one. for example: - name: find config shell: /data/scripts/config1 become: yes become_user: root tags: find_config - name: change config ...
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2answers
51 views

copy contents of file on ansible server to another file on remote servers

I have a bash script on about 70 severs in /opt/zservice/etc/config that i want to change its content with ansible. the new content is on ansible server in this path /data/new_config. how i can use ...
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2answers
37 views

Which Users Should I Create With Terraform And Which With Ansible?

I am creating some Ubuntu VMs in Azure with Terraform. I am then configuring the VMs with ansible. When terraform creates the VM it creates an admin user resource "azurerm_virtual_machine" "main" { ...
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1answer
87 views

Azure Security Center with Ubuntu 19

Has anyone successfully gotten the Azure Security Center agent to work with Ubuntu 19? My omsconfig.log is full of messages like This event indicates that failure happens when LCM is trying to get ...
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2answers
45 views

What is the most common server permission policy for web application deployment?

I have a server with Ubuntu with a web server (Apache or Nginx) running a PHP application. The application consists of the following parts: An executable code that handles HTTP requests (say in the /...
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1answer
60 views

How to make PM2 as a autostart service?

I want to make my PM2 as a startup service, because for example when my server loses power or something happens to it, it does not automatically restart the PM2 service.
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1answer
21 views

how to give a user privilege to run Ansible commands or just an specific tag?

for example, I have a tag named 'installagent' and i want to run this command ansible -playbook -i /path agent.yml --tags installagent from another server via ssh on my Ansible server with user '...
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1answer
28 views

how to run an Ansible command for specific number of hosts

I am new to Ansible and i have a question about limitting hosts in a host group at running commands.I have these host groups in my inventory: [primary] host1 host2 [standby] host3 host4 ...
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1answer
355 views

How can I access the console of a booting EC2 instance in AWS?

I'm new to AWS and am looking for a way to access my EC2's console so I can triage issues such: boot to single user mode view console output as system boots gain console access to debug GRUB issues
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1answer
25 views

Utilise AWS IoT on non-supported hardware

Before I dig in too far, is there any way I can use any of the AWS IoT core functions on non-supported hardware? I can use the AWS Node.js libraries that are available (for my hardware), but I don't ...
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1answer
164 views

docker swarm init made docker go corrupted

I started learning docker recently and I set up a virtual machine (VirtualBox) with Lubuntu image: Linux verion: Linux 4.18.0-10-generic i686 Docker version: 18.06.1-ce, API-version: 1.38, Go version:...
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1answer
69 views

How can container user and host user both have access to same files in volume?

I'm using Docker namespaces in an effort to allow files created within a volume to be arbitrarily read and written to by both the container user and the host user (please let me know if this is even a ...
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1answer
72 views

Install minimal dependencies with apt

I have a simple Dockerfile which looks like the following FROM debian:stretch-slim as builder COPY . my_project/ RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y build-essential libpqxx-dev libtbb-...
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1answer
342 views

How can CaaS, PaaS, and FaaS users know if the operating system of their server environment is of the newest release?

Please consider this chart a moment; it shows the different hosting models common today: From the chart I learn that CaaS, PaaS and FaaS are three hosting-models by which a user can't control the OS ...
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2answers
129 views

Is there a system which automates everything (OS release, and above) to host websites on?

This is not really a DevOps question but more of a System Automation question (which DevOps covers only a part of, by popular opinion, so I hope it's okay). I feel like some 5 USD IaaS VPS with ...
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1answer
61 views

How frequently do PaaS:VPS agencies upgrade OS_release in comparison to PaaS:shared-webserver?

I know that in a In PaaS:shared-webserver service a user could have the OS of its server environment release_upgraded in 8 or 12 years or so ! For example, I host a few sites on a particular host that ...
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1answer
20 views

What is the common term for Apache virtual hosts or Nginx block systems?

A webserver environment as with Apache or Nginx includes a type of file (or a file system) that I can call a webserver substrate; In Apache it is called a Virtual host and in Nginx I can call it a "...
1
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1answer
46 views

Why are IaaS hosting services are usually fixed-priced and PaaS are usually dynamically-priced?

Basic plans in IaaS host-providers like DigitalOcean and Linode are usually fixed-priced and basic plans in PaaS host-providers like Microsoft Azure or Amazon Web Services are usually dynamically-...
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2answers
46 views

What Ansible does in cases there's a conflict between OS version and some software Ansible manages?

Say I use an IaaS cloud on which I installed Ubuntu 18.04 manually via the cloud company's OS installation tool and I ought to establish an all-ansible LAMP environment that will include some more ...
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1answer
53 views

A cloud technology with automatic upgrades of my OS-release and web server release?

I desire a cloud technology that will redund my need of using Vagrant to continuously integrate OS release upgrades (say from Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 including all software installed by apt-get --- ...
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3answers
54 views

SSH tunneling to hosts deployed behind firewalls

I'm working on a deployment that will require me to place Ubuntu servers that monitor industrial equipment at various sites and behind firewalls that are out of my control. I need to maintain SSH ...
1
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1answer
282 views

How do I return just the full path of a file found with the find module in Ansible?

This has been reworded, expanded upon and clarified via an update late on 11/9/18. I request it be upvoted now that it has enough code. I want to find a softlink (to another file) in the $PATH ...
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2answers
542 views

How to redirect tomcat logs TO console?

So I have a problem that is the reverse of what everyone else on the internet wants.. I want to take tomcat logs that are being written out to /usr/local/tomcat/logs and have them be output to console ...
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3answers
74 views

Availability/Reproducibility of Ubuntu Minimal as Docker image

While for Debian you find on Docker Hub "slim" distributions, it seems not the case with Ubuntu. Now there is a "minimal Ubuntu for public clouds" distro from Canonical, but I can find just cloud VM ...
4
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2answers
524 views

Docker security risks passing secrets over environment variables

I'm new to Docker and want to put my Django web application into containers. For the last couple days I'm struggling with passing credentials safe to containers. Online there is always the hint ...
9
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1answer
1k views

How to keep configuration files automatically during apt-get upgrade or install?

When performing and apt-get update; apt-get upgrade -y on a server I encountered the message: Setting up sudo (1.8.16-0ubuntu1.5) ... Configuration file '/etc/sudoers' ==> Modified (by you or by ...
2
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2answers
366 views

Getting data from crashed docker container

I am having docker container with Ubuntu installed which was running with Nvidia docker But now I connected that HDD in a different computer. Now After typing following command in newly assembled ...