Questions tagged [linux]

Linux is the generic term for a UNIX-like open source operating system based on the Linux kernel. Use this tag for questions about DevOps practices, processes and tools in Linux environments.

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65
votes
8answers
114k views

How do you back up Jenkins jobs & master configs?

I'd like to backup all Jenkins jobs and config files. What's the easiest way of doing it?
19
votes
2answers
14k views

Difference between chroot and Docker

I don't understand the difference between docker and chroot. Yes its nice in terms of the packaging the registry. But somehow I get the feeling its just chroot with extra bells and whistles. I know I'...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

How to keep configuration files automatically during apt-get upgrade or install?

When performing and apt-get update; apt-get upgrade -y on a server I encountered the message: Setting up sudo (1.8.16-0ubuntu1.5) ... Configuration file '/etc/sudoers' ==> Modified (by you or by ...
11
votes
2answers
7k views

Does Docker allow containers to be OS agnostic?

We currently use a Windows based server to host 2 VMs. One VM uses Windows with a Windows app and the other VM uses Linux with a Linux app. Is the below scenario possible? Bare server with Windows ...
8
votes
4answers
12k views

Docker compose volume syntax valid for Windows and Linux

We have developers working on an app using both Windows and Linux. The application is built within a Docker container, and ships a docker-compose specification for the build environment. The local ...
8
votes
1answer
129 views

Debug BackendConnectionErrors from Kubernetes Service LoadBalancer sesrvice

We recently moved some of our production infrastructure to Kubernetes. Many pods are exposed through a LoadBalancer service on AWS. This creates an ELB, registers each node in the cluster with the ELB,...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

How to pass a /dev/disk device on macOS into Linux Docker?

I've connected external HDD via USD on macOS, and I'm running Ubuntu's Docker container as: docker run -it --device=/dev/disk3 --privileged ubuntu bash but the device is not present in the container:...
6
votes
6answers
728 views

In the HashiCorp stack, where's the appropriate place to add users?

I'm in the process of building some custom Linux images using HashiCorp's Packer, which will later be deployed to Azure using HashiCorp's Terraform. The VMs created from these images will need to have ...
6
votes
3answers
25k views

docker “Cannot mkdir: Permission denied”

I'm trying to run wordpress inside docker. I've been following this tutorial : https://www.sitepoint.com/how-to-use-the-official-docker-wordpress-image/ But when I run this command : docker run -e ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Are NixOS and GuixSD the incoming Linux distros of DevOps?

The main advantage of these distros is the declarative approach which allows for setup to be done in the same way as you would configure a Vagrantfile or Dockerfile. In the way that Docker replaced/...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to automate Powershell's interactive Get-Credential method?

I am trying to write a python script which automates the powershell's Get-Credential method. Here is something i wrote: import subprocess COMMAND_LINE = 'powershell' powershell = subprocess.Popen(...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Advantages of Linux Containers over Docker

I'd like to understand the differences between Linux Containers and Docker, especially what kind of advantages Containers have in comparison to Docker.
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to automate rolling upgrades for ec2 running linux behind elastic and/or application load balancer?

Would like to ask for recommendations on ready automated solutions or templates for rolling ec2 instance upgrade on AWS, requiring a reboot with ELB/ALB. Specifically required to perform the ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How to connect a build node to a Jenkins master?

I'd like to connect a build node to the Jenkins master. Ideally without using a web browser or being in front of the physical machine. What would be the easiest way to achieve that?
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Pause/Suspend guest in KVM without virsh and libvirtd

I have installed KVM without libvirt/virsh and virtualmanager. Packages which installed are kvm qemu-kvm bridge-utils libguestfs-tools How can I pause/suspend VM in this case?
4
votes
1answer
124 views

What's missing from this simple recipe that creates a user?

I've spun many boxes in the cloud before, but was growing tired of going through the same dance; and as I'm trying to get familiar with Chef, I figured, that's a good use case to do a little learning. ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to create Golang Linux binaries using a Windows host

When go build is issued on a Windows host a .exe binary is created. How to ensure that a Linux binary is created on a Windows host? The following was tried, but did not solve the issue: GOOS=linux;...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to detect what interface has private IP in Ansible

I plan to reconfigure iptables on our servers (mostly CentOS 7, some CentOS 6) with different network configurations, some on 1Gbit interface, some on 10Gbit, some with VLANs and some with configured ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Running a command as a specific user on an ec2 using ssm

Background I want to automatically configure an EC2 via a build, using the aws cli and ssm. The (manual) setup for the container looks something like this: Create an EC2 Run a shell script as root ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Docker security risks passing secrets over environment variables

I'm new to Docker and want to put my Django web application into containers. For the last couple days I'm struggling with passing credentials safe to containers. Online there is always the hint ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

How to get memory usage per process with sar, sysstat?

Can I get memory usage per process with Linux? we monitor our servers with sysstat/sar. But besides seeing that memory went off the roof at some point, we can't pinpoint which process was getting ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Is there a system which automates everything (OS release, and above) to host websites on?

This is not really a DevOps question but more of a System Automation question (which DevOps covers only a part of, by popular opinion, so I hope it's okay). I feel like some 5 USD IaaS VPS with ...
3
votes
1answer
839 views

Build FreeBSD Docker image using Ubuntu host OS

I know that in generally it is impossible to build FreeBSD Docker image on Linux host OS due to different kernels and sys calls. Relevant discussion. However, I would like to know maybe there is a ...
3
votes
1answer
649 views

Ansible: register variable with loop

What’s the best way to use registered variable ‘audit_tools’ to check if all items are own by root ? Do I need to use Jinja2 filter or something ? Thanks - name: Verify audit tools are own by root ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Porting a docker container to a different Linux host OS

I'm new to Docker. I have looked at many tutorials, however, this is still not clear to me : For example, If I create a docker image on a system which is using Ubuntu as the host OS. Can I then later ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Azure DevOps Artifact.zip folder structure for .NET Core 3.0 application

I have an ASP.NET Core 3.0 application for which I have a full CI/CD setup in Azure DevOps. The Application is hosted on a Ubuntu 18.04 server machine. In the Build Pipeline, the solution is built ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to redirect tomcat logs TO console?

So I have a problem that is the reverse of what everyone else on the internet wants.. I want to take tomcat logs that are being written out to /usr/local/tomcat/logs and have them be output to console ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Deploy two independently hosted services in production at once without any downtime

I have two different services. Let's say Service A and Service B. Service B is dependent on Service A. Both code bases are hosted in separate repo in Bitbucket and code bases are maintained by ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Ultimate docker permission solution

I'm using docker some time and I like the conception very much. But I found a thing is a big problem for me. I'm talking about permissions. While I'm not worrying about production, setting up my ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Is it possible to securely delete a file from a virtual disk in a cloud provider?

Considering that virtual hard drives are generally formatted using something like ext3 that abstracts away from the underlying block device, which in and of itself is an abstraction over the top of a ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

reboot server during Ansible tasks

I have 3 scripts that must be run on server one by one. for example: - name: find config shell: /data/scripts/config1 become: yes become_user: root tags: find_config - name: change config ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Ansible - Variable expansion inside hostvars declaration?

I have a hardcoded hostvars line, like so: node1_hostname={{ hostvars['192.168.0.162']['node1_hostname'] }} I have a set_fact variable from a previous play that I'd like to expand in the host section ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Ansible tmp files created with odd permissions

I have an ansible playbook which can be simplified to this: - name: Provision server hosts: all_hosts become: yes ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

How do I convert “\n” to linebreaks in my docker logs?

I am using docker-compose up to start a web server in linux but am finding that the stdout is printing "\n" characters instead of creating new lines. This makes stack traces difficult to ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

how to prevent Ansible from showing output on screen?

I have this in my playbook which execute a command on remote server and enters its log on local server. - name: run script shell: runuser -l testuser -c "/tmp/test.sh" register: myshell_output ...
2
votes
1answer
351 views

How to resolve the dependencies while installing locally downloaded packages?

I have simple playbook where trying to install the Debian packages downloaded locally in my server. This playbook runs on localhost and install the Debian packages in the same system. But this ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

Azure Security Center with Ubuntu 19

Has anyone successfully gotten the Azure Security Center agent to work with Ubuntu 19? My omsconfig.log is full of messages like This event indicates that failure happens when LCM is trying to get ...
2
votes
2answers
974 views

Getting data from crashed docker container

I am having docker container with Ubuntu installed which was running with Nvidia docker But now I connected that HDD in a different computer. Now After typing following command in newly assembled ...
2
votes
2answers
932 views

Docker won't create a bridge network without being given an explicit subnet

The problem The problem is that this happens: $ docker network create alpine4 Error response from daemon: could not find an available, non-overlapping IPv4 address pool among the defaults to assign ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Join a Linux Docker swarm with a local Windows Docker for test purposes

I'm currenlty trying to connect/join a Linux Docker Swarm cluster with my Windows machine in order to test a stack without sending the stack over and over to my test cluster under Linux. My problem is ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Permission errors with non-root USER when running on Linux

I have been getting some unexpected failures with the execution of my Docker images when running on my Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS machine. I'm using Docker version 18.02.0-ce (edge), installed from apt. I've ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Automatic production deployment for a Node.js app on RHEL 7?

I am looking for some way to have a maximally simple(no Jenkins or anything like that) automatic production deployment for a Node.js application on a RHEL 7 system. The caveat is: At the organization ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

GitHub Actions Runner execute commands with sudo GitHub Actions

I have a GitHub action set on self hosted Ubuntu VPS on Linode. I ran sudo ./svc.sh install and then ./svc.sh start. The runner is up and working but I have a command in my yaml file that needs to run ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Consul: how to remove dead client nodes quickly

Background: When running Consul client-mode in AWS, EC2s are constantly getting replaced, which results in a lot of dead client nodes when looking at the Consul UI or via consul members. Already ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

How can a Windows server be a slave to Jenkins running on Linux when there in an error installing the slave-agent.jnlp file?

I want to have a Windows Server 2016 slave node with a master Jenkins (version 2.89.2) running on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.x. I am trying to install the slave-agent.jnlp file from the Jenkins web ...
2
votes
1answer
876 views

Incorrect timezoneID inside docker container

I have created a docker image from the base Centos7 image and while running the container from it, the time and timezone were not in sync with my host. To give the container the same timezone as that ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Is running linux container on windows aws instance possible?

what I'm trying to achieve is running a Linux(ubuntu LST) container inside a windows server 2019 OS. The problem is that the windows OS runs as an AWS instance. There have been problem for me trying ...
2
votes
0answers
383 views

Remote connection from Docker container by FTP

I built my docker image and run it: docker run --rm -P -d test:latest Then I entered the command and opened connection: ftp open XXX I successfully connected and entered user data. After that I ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

SFTP server with third party user management system?

I understand how to set up SFTP servers on Linux and create users and their passwords manually. So basically, the users get authenticated as normal Linux users get authenticated through /etc/passwd. ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Issue building deb package using Docker/Windows

I am trying to create a way for our developers to be able to build deb packages from their Windows machines. We would like to reuse what we have for *nix so I've written a few batch scripts which are ...