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As per my understanding on cloud native infra. Provisioning involves creating resources like VMs/instances, setting up IAM roles and policies, Firewalls, DBs, Load balancers, any clusters like EKS, GKE, etc. And, configuration part involves, preparing your instances to run actually your apps by installing necessary softwares and packages, setting up tables ...


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The precise answer will depend on the context in which build step is used. However, on a high level as per me, it is always relative to the deploy process. Build step is just before the deploy step. Basically build involves making the application completely ready (compiling, linking, uploading artifacts etc or whatever is involved) so that we are good to go ...


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